top of page

Tax Planning for Foreign Companies Establishing a Presence in India

The Indian market presents a lucrative opportunity for foreign companies seeking expansion. However, navigating the intricacies of Indian tax law is crucial for success. This blog explores key tax planning strategies for foreign companies entering the Indian market.

Tip 1: Choosing the Right Entry Mode

The first step involves selecting the most suitable entry mode for your business. Popular options include:

  • Liaison Office (LO): Acts as a representative office for market research and communication but cannot undertake commercial activities. LOs are not subject to corporate tax, but any income earned is taxable.

  • Branch Office (BO): An extension of the foreign company, allowing for direct business activities in India. BOs are subject to corporate tax on their Indian income and BPT on repatriated profits.

  • Subsidiary Company: A separate legal entity incorporated in India, offering greater operational flexibility and potentially lower tax rates compared to BOs. Subsidiaries are subject to corporate tax on their global income.

Tip 2: Utilizing Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs)

India has DTAAs with various countries to avoid double taxation on income earned in both countries. These agreements often offer reduced BPT rates and other tax benefits. Exploring the specific DTAA applicable to your home country can help optimize your tax liability.

Tip 3: Transfer Pricing Arrangements

Foreign companies often engage in transactions with their Indian branches or subsidiaries. It's crucial to establish arm's length pricing for these transactions to comply with Indian tax regulations. This ensures fair pricing practices and avoids potential tax disputes.

Tip 4: Tax Incentives and Exemptions

The Indian government offers various tax incentives and exemptions to attract foreign investment in specific sectors or regions. These can include lower tax rates, tax holidays, and special deductions. Researching and utilizing relevant incentives can significantly reduce your tax burden.

Tip 5: Seeking Professional Guidance

Navigating the complex Indian tax landscape can be challenging. Consulting experienced tax advisors specializing in foreign companies operating in India is highly recommended. They can guide you through the intricacies of tax regulations, suggest optimal structures, and help ensure compliance.


Careful tax planning is essential for foreign companies entering the Indian market. Selecting the right entry mode, leveraging DTAAs, implementing efficient transfer pricing, and exploring tax incentives can significantly optimize your tax liability. Always remember to seek professional guidance from qualified tax advisors to ensure compliance and maximize your success in India.


bottom of page